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2014江蘇高考英語難嗎?發布高考英語難度排行榜

南通招生2020-07-08 06:06:39


昨天,江蘇省教育考試院發布了2018江蘇高考各科試卷和答案,權威發布:2018年江蘇高考九門試題+答案全揭曉!可以估分了!

回看今年江蘇卷長度12張,堪比“清明上河圖”,其中D篇是整張試卷中最長的一篇,選自Mail online,原文的標題有點長:The children aged ten who are addicted to social media: Happiness is dependent on number of 'likes' they get, reveals major study(這么長,是標題嗎)。但是,改編的幅度不大,可能是原文就不難的原因。

另外專業人士還扒出了2018江蘇卷的完形填空中的小故事摘自2018年4月5日的BBC Radio Ulster.

廣播節目的導言是:Raynor Winn and her husband Mothlost?their home of 20 years, in the same week that Moth was diagnosed with?a terminal condition. With nowhere else to go, they decided to walk the South West Coast Path and they've told the story of the walk in a beautiful memoir called The Salt Path.

江蘇完形填空的第一段為:Raynor Winn and her husband Moth?became homelessdue to their wrong investment. Their savings had been used up to pay lawyers's fees. To make matter worse, Moth was diagnosed with?a serious disease. There was no cure, only pain relief.

江蘇閱讀C篇的來處

2018江蘇卷的C篇是整張試卷中最難的一篇,經濟話題,選自The Nation,原文的標題是The New Face of Family Farms,作者是Lindsey Shute。

原文的第一段是:If you want to?disruptthe auto industry, you’d better have a few billion dollars: Mom-and-popautomakers?are unlikely to?outflank?the Big Three. But in agriculture, small operators can?outdo?the major players. By connecting directly with customers, and by responding?nimbly?to changes in the markets as well as in their ecosystems, small farmers can keep one step ahead of the big guys.?As the co-founder of the National Young Farmers Coalition and a family farmer myself,I have a front-row seat to the innovations among small farmers that are transforming the industry.

改編之后的第一段是:If you want to?disturbthe car industry, you'd better have a few billion dollars: Mom-and-pop?carmakersare unlikely to?beat?the biggest car companies. But in agriculture, small farmers can?get the best of?the major players. By connecting directly with customers, and by responding?quickly?to changes in the markets as well as in the ecosystems (生態系統), small farmers can keep one step 年農會) and a family farmer myself, I have a front-row seat to the innovations among small farmers that are transforming the industry.?

江蘇閱讀D篇的來處

2018今年江蘇卷長度12張,堪比“清明上河圖”,其中D篇是整張試卷中最長的一篇,選自Mail online,原文的標題有點長:The children aged ten who are addicted to social media: Happiness is dependent on number of 'likes' they get, reveals major study(這么長,是標題嗎)。但是,改編的幅度不大,可能是原文就不難的原因

原文的第5-8段為:She said social media firms were exposing children to major emotional risks, with some youngsters starting secondary school ill-equipped to cope with the?avalanche?of pressure they faced online.

Snapchat, WhatsApp and Instagram were the most popular social networks for the children even though all three supposedly require users to be at least 13.

The youngsters?confessed?to planning?excursions?around potential photo-opportunities and then messaging friends – and friends of friends – to demand ‘likes’ for their online posts.

不管如何,2018高考終于結束了,可以出門嗨一嗨啦~~~,可是有的小伙伴說,今年的英語考題太難啦,一點玩的心情都沒有!到底哪份試卷難,我們還是一起來看下今年高考難度的專業解析排名吧!請先掃二維碼關注南通招生,每天十分鐘教育真經!

top 8?天津卷

難度系數:

單項填空難度:★

完形填空難度:★★

閱讀理解難度:★★

閱讀表達難度:★

書面表達難度:★★

?點評


2018年天津高考英語卷的內容、難度較以往持平,相對于其他地區較為簡單。近幾年單項填空試題中存在一定規律,考的知識點比較固定。另外對詞匯含義和情景交際的考查呈逐年上升的趨勢。完形填空延續了近幾年的一貫風格,仍然是記敘文,夾敘夾議的文章讓學生做題時候更能夠把握,而且動詞及動詞詞組的考查仍然是重中之重。

閱讀理解及閱讀表達所選擇的素材語言地道、選材新穎,選擇特別注重學生思想上的教育及引導,同時,考生在閱讀過程中能拓寬自己的視野,更詳細地知曉中外文化差異。書面表達話題為世界青少年機器人技能競賽,內容充滿科技感,跟緊時代的潮流。

top 7北京卷

難度系數:

聽力難度:★

單項填空難度:★★

完形填空難度:★★

閱讀理解難度:★★

書面表達難度:★★?

點評


北京英語卷充分體現了中國文化的精髓:中庸之道,穩中有變,傳統性與時代性結合。試卷中,聽力、完形填空、閱讀、七選五等題型考查內容均為高中主要知識,詞匯、語法等以考綱要求為主。涉及話題比如購物、環保、交通方式等均是考生熟悉的高頻場景,難度適中。

此外,北京卷作為國家首都對傳統文化的重視是一以貫之的,小作文體現了對于中國傳統文化的考查,需要考生根據客觀事實緊貼中國傳統文化,敘述條理、界限清晰。大作文考查帶外國學生體驗中國茶文化,順應了英語高考作文與中國傳統文化相結合的趨勢,呈現形式與往年一樣體裁為記敘文。


top 6?全國?

適用地區:河南、河北、山西、江西、湖北、湖南、廣東、安徽、福建

難度系數:

閱讀四選一難度:★★★

閱讀七選五:★★

完形填空難度:★★★

語法填空難度★★

寫作難度:★★?

點評


全國卷1整體難度和去年保持持平,特點可以概括為“整體重視雙基,強調實際運用和綜合運用能力”。今年繼續延續以往的命題趨勢:閱讀體裁覆蓋了記敘文、說明文、議論文和應用文等四大文體。選用的語篇材料均和學生生活緊密相關。以考察細節理解、推理判斷、主旨大意等題型為主。

七選五仍選以說明文,完形填空以記敘文為主。完形填空主要考察實詞;單詞辨析;單詞在語境中的運用等。語法填空仍分為給提示詞和不給提示詞兩種,寫作為近年來熱門寫作題材—應用寫作和傳統文化習俗的結合。

?

top 5?全國?

適用地區:甘肅、青海、內蒙古、黑龍江、吉林、遼寧、寧夏,新疆、西藏、陜西、重慶、海南、山東

難度系數:

閱讀四選一難度:★★★

閱讀七選五:★★

完形填空難度:★★★

語法填空難度★★

寫作難度:★★?

點評


全國卷2整體難度和去年保持持平,特點可以概括為“緊扣全國統一考試大綱,以考查學生關鍵能力和學科素養為主要目標,堅持穩定中求發展”。

今年全國2卷同全國1卷類似繼續延續以往的命題趨勢:閱讀體裁覆蓋了記敘文、說明文、議論文和應用文等四大文體。選用的語篇材料均和學生生活緊密相關。以考查細節理解、推理判斷、主旨大意等題型為主。七選五仍選以說明文,完形填空以記敘文為主。完形填空主要考察實詞;單詞辨析;單詞在語境中的運用等。語法填空仍分為給提示詞和不給提示詞兩種,寫作為近年來熱門寫作題材—應用寫作之宣傳通知。

?

top 4全國

?

適用地區:云南、廣西、貴州、四川

難度系數:

閱讀七選五:★★

完形填空難度:★★★

語法填空難度★★

寫作難度:★★?

點評


全國卷3整體難度和去年保持持平,特點可以概括為“注重雙擊,體現高考評價體系“一核四層四翼”的總體要求,緊扣全國統一考試大綱,強調學生綜合運用能力”。

今年全國3卷同全國1、2卷類似以考查學生關鍵能力和學科素養為主要目標,堅持穩定中求發展,繼續延續以往的命題趨勢:閱讀體裁覆蓋了記敘文、說明文、議論文和應用文等四大文體。選用的語篇材料均和學生生活緊密相關。以考查細節理解、推理判斷、主旨大意等題型為主。

七選五仍選以說明文,完形填空以記敘文為主。完形填空主要考察實詞;單詞辨析;單詞在語境中的運用等。語法填空仍分為給提示詞和不給提示詞兩種,寫作為近年來熱門寫作題材—應用寫作。??

top?3?浙江卷?

難度系數:

閱讀四選一難度:★★★★

閱讀七選五:★★★

完形填空難度:★★★★

語法填空難度★★★

寫作難度:★★★?

點評


浙江卷整體難度相比較去年略有提升,特點可以概括為“重視雙基,強調運用,考查全面”。浙江卷閱讀理解一直是備受關注的部分,今年繼續延續以往的命題趨勢:以考察說明文、議論文、記敘文為主,主要考查細節理解題、推理判斷題、主旨大意題等,其中細節理解題是重中之重。其他題型設置有所改變,但浙江卷深諳“心急吃不了熱豆腐”的道理,新題型七選五仍選以說明文,完形填空以記敘文為主,寫作分為兩節,分別為近年來熱門寫作題材—應用文之應聘信及浙江作文新題型—讀后續寫。體現出考察方式的靈活和命題的創新。

top2?江蘇卷?

難度系數:

單項填空難度:★★★

完形填空難度:★★★★

閱讀理解難度:★★★★

任務型閱讀難度:★★★

書面表達:★★★★?

點評


單項選擇:

關鍵詞:“考點全,難度中等”

2018年單選難度中等,比2017明顯簡單,15道單選題難度不大。

語法部分占8題,都是常規考點,與歷年江蘇考卷考查重點一致,包括:名詞性從句1,定語從句1,情態動詞1,非謂語動詞1,虛擬語氣1,狀語從句1,時態語態2。語法部分考查學生對句子的基本理解和分析能力,今年高考查的語法點都屬于基本知識點,同學們在高一高二階段把語法知識學扎實,就能輕松應對本次高考。掃碼加入南通家長交流群(注明年級)!

詞匯部分占5題,依然保持江蘇特色,將形近詞放在一起考查辨析,包括:動詞1,動詞短語1,名詞1,介詞詞組1,形容詞1。詞匯考查范圍較大,包括indicate(模塊三),investigate(大學英語四級),imitate(大學英語四級),innovate(英語專業四級)等,這些看似難度較大的詞,其實在我們平時的練習和模擬考試中都有涉及。對于高一高二的同學來說,我們在熟記模塊上的詞匯的同時,還要有四六級詞匯的儲備,并要重點了解好形近詞的詞意和區別。

情景交際占2題,包括:交際用語1,英語習語1。情景交際需要學生從高一開始就注意好交際用語和英語習語的積累,做到胸有成竹,便能決勝千里。

完型填空、閱讀理解、任務型閱讀

2018年完型填空20道題中,有6道題考查動詞及動詞短語辨析,6道考查形容詞間的辨析,6道考查名詞的辨析,2道副詞辨析題??疾榈碾y度適中,只要平時注重積累,問題不大。

總的來說,今年的閱讀題基本上沒有難題,只要考生對關鍵信息的定位準確,就可以馬上得出答案。

跟往年一樣,A篇都是送分題,56題只要找準信息簡單計算即可,57題用常用的排除法即可得出答案。

B篇58題對短語的解讀一樣的從上下兩句找答案,本題答案很明顯的用破折號引出,只要對破折號后的句子簡單解讀即可得出答案。59題根據題干關鍵信息很快可以進行定位,本題的答案也很明顯,已經用one way清楚表明冒號后面的句子即為答案。60題B選項可能是個干擾項,但只要抓住最后兩句關鍵信息,即可排除干擾項。

C篇61題有點難度,B、C選項意思接近,但只要把握住整段的中心即可迎刃而解。62題承接第一段而來,抓住關鍵句加上排除法即得出答案。63題是妥妥的送分題,答案已經明顯的用破折號引出。64題也不難,只要對最后一段總結到位即可得出答案。

D篇65-69都是細節題,只要根據題干關鍵詞定位到關鍵句,適當進行信息轉化即可得出答案。70題只要把握住全篇圍繞展開敘述的中心,答案就很明顯了。

做閱讀題要從關鍵詞定位到關鍵句,注意捕捉細節,進而把握全篇中心思想,閱讀題基本上都可以成為送分題。

今年的任務型是常見的圖表型,跟去年的難度差不多,出現了原詞重現、詞性轉換、詞義替換和信息概括。每個空都能找到定位,但很考驗學生的信息轉化能力。任務型閱讀使很多考生望而卻步,但只要平時積累掌握單詞的詞形轉換、同義詞及反義詞、重點詞組搭配,鍛煉捕捉信息、組織信息及綜合概括信息的能力,任務型還是可以得到大部分分數的。

高一、高二學習備考建議:

完型、閱讀和任務型閱讀的分值占了整個卷面的“半壁江山”,因此這幾個版塊的重要性不言而喻。而要想在完型閱讀上拿高分,英語基礎一定要扎實,下面是一些學習建議,供高一高二的學生們今后參考學習:

第一:抓詞匯關

高考對高三學生的詞匯量要求很高,沒有足夠的詞匯量是很難在完型閱讀版塊拿高分的。完型填空很大程度上是考查學生詞匯辨析的能力及對文章的整體把握能力。如第41題的選項budget/revenue/compensation/allowance,42題的答案occasional,46題的選項rolled/bled/ached/trembled,51選項sewn等,需要同學們熟知詞義并能辨別和其他詞的區別,因此,平時的積累是王道。

高考3500詞匯是每個學生必背的,建議是越早開始越有利。背的時候要結合例句和語境,理解詞匯的用法,也可以適當搭配相關的詞匯練習加強記憶,切忌死記硬背。新學期整理的549核心詞匯集,將高考高頻詞匯進行整理和濃縮,能幫助學生迅速適應高考的詞匯難度,掌握核心詞。此外,十一個模塊的核心詞匯編刪選了整個高中階段的必學詞匯,是同步詞匯提升的好幫手。

同時,也要掌握高中英語課本里的詞匯。完型和閱讀版塊的詞匯短語很多是來源于課本內容,到高三階段刷題比較多的同學會深有體會,所以同學們在平時學習的過程中一定要牢牢掌握課本的內容。新學期目前有針對性的詞匯訓練題和詞組訓練題,收集匯總了近年來真題模擬題以及各大名校易考題和難題,夯實基礎,助力高考。

第二:每天閱讀

閱讀的來源可以是英語原版小說,報紙,英語美文欣賞等,同學們可以選擇自己喜歡的內容以增加閱讀的趣味性。2018年高考閱讀量大,要求同學們有一定的閱讀速度。而每天堅持閱讀可以讓同學們在開闊視野的基礎上,積累詞匯和句子,也能逐漸提高閱讀的速度,可謂是大有裨益。

第三:關注時事熱點

今年高考閱讀D篇緊扣當今社會的熱點,主要講述了現代社交媒體對青少年的影響,由此也可看出高考越來越側重考查同學們對社會熱點的把握與理解。在平時,大家也要做一個有心人,多渠道關注國內國際上的時事新聞,做好全方位的準備。在閱讀這一塊,新學方高中課堂有C篇/D篇這兩個最易失分的閱讀篇目的專項訓練,分題型題材逐個突破,分析題型,結合篇章,攻克閱讀難關。

作文提高建議

今年的作文的命題形式和往年類似,為圖表類作文,形式是議論文,第一部分要求學生閱讀短文后用30詞概括要點,第二部分要求考生發表自己的觀點,選擇的話題是比較貼近生活熱點——利用排名進行消費,總體來說難度和往年保持持平,更注重考察考生的閱讀能力、信息轉化能力以及邏輯思維能力,學生不容易跑題,但是想要出彩也是比較困難的。?

從今年的作文形式以及難度來看,未來幾年江蘇高考英語作文的命題形式不會有太大的變動,文章的文體還是陳述議論相結合,素材則來源于生活??忌趥淇甲魑牡倪^程中需要注意以下幾點:

??1. 話題方面——熱點即考點,平時注重關注貼近生活的熱點話題,例如:

個人情感和品質如:毅力、誠實、幸福、勇氣、感恩等;

個人規劃與成長如:大學生活、職業、時間、心理、態度等;

健康:飲食、學習、鍛煉、心理、態度等;

時事熱點:人口遷移、人口老齡化、就業等

?2. 固定句型連接詞積累
寫話題性作文時想要出彩文章一定有一個好的框架,好的框架需要平時多積累一些好的連接詞、固定句型等,具體可參見高考英語寫作秘籍。

2018年高考結束了,馬上高二的同學們將步入高三緊張的學習當中。準高三的孩子們現在要做好準備了,加油!


Top 1?上海卷?

難度系數:

聽力難度:★★★★

語法難度:★★★★

選詞填空難度:★★★★

完形填空難度:★★★★

語篇閱讀難度:★★★★

應用文寫作難度:★★★★

概要寫作難度:★★★★?

?點評


眾所周知,作為國際化大都市的上海,英語高考的難度在全國來說首屈一指。2018上海卷各部分語言材料的選取具有強烈的時代氣息,使學生可以體會到語言所承載的文化內涵。如作文,今年上海獨辟蹊徑,寫一個“My teacher”為題,話題貼近學生,使學生能寫、可寫。

關于聽說測試,在標準化考場中,考生通過計算機和專用耳麥,完成聽力試題和口語應答,聽說測試全部使用入耳式的隔音耳機,具有很強的隔音功能,一旦耳機出現故障或人為非法拔插時,教師機會產生報警,提醒監考老師。但據參加過兩次高考的2018屆高三學生反應,2018年的秋季春考與春季高考相比,難度更大。聽力部分,部分學生表示聽不清楚男播音員的聲音,11選10部分提到了gung-ho這種并不常見的詞匯,閱讀理解依舊沿襲了過往“文章長、生詞多、題目難”的風格,尤其是C篇,以線性規劃為主要內容。

上海高考英語的方向一向緊扣時事,summary緊跟時事,講到了經濟危機之后,應聘者如何讓自己變得更有競爭力??偟脕碚f,2018年的上海英語,依舊以五顆星的難度系數一枝獨秀,在本屆高考英語難度評選大賽上拔得頭籌。

2018年上海高考英語試卷?

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions:?In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a?question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you?hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the?best answer to the question you have heard.

1. M:Good morning. Can Ihelp you?

W:Yes, this dress is too long. Would you please shorten it for me?

Q :Where doesthe conversation most probably take place?

2. W: Jack, you look tired.

M:Yes, I got piles of work to do. But it gives me a great sense of achievement.

Q:What can we learn about the man?

3. W:John, what's up? Why are you standing on the desk?

M:The lights suddenly went off. The bulb must have burnt out.

Q: What is the man most probably doing?

4. W:I will take this room, how muchis the rent?

M:Well,two hundred pounds each month. You need to pay three months rent inadvance, plus a deposit of 100?pounds.

Q:Accordingto the man, how much should the woman pay in total?

5. W:I'll take an interview for a part time librarian tomorrow.

M:Don't worry. Others stand no chance, if you take the interview.

Q:How does the man feel about the woman's chance of getting the job?

6. M :I couldn't sleep at all last night. The bed isnot comfortable.

W:Don't blame the bed. You should stop drinking wine.

Q: What does the woman imply?

7. W:Andy, I bought a shirt for you.

M:Thank you. I hope you kept the receipt. I've put on some weight.

Q:What does the man imply?

8. W:I'm terribly sorry, but your flight has been canceled.

N:What? In that case, I hope you will put meup somewhere tonight.

Q: What does the man expect a woman to do for him?

9. W:A new hotel is looking for workers. They need three hundred new workers. But over 4,000 people showed up .

M:Yes, I saw the news onTV. Istill have my job, thank goodness.

Q:What are the speakers talking about?

10. W:Professor smith explained the physics problem very clearly.

M:Did he? Unfortunately, it is still all Greek to me.

Q: What can we learn from the conversation?

Section B

Directions:?In Section B, you will hear two passages and one longer conversation, after each passage or conversation,?you will be asked several questions, the passage andthe conversation will be read twice,but the questions will be spoken?only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on yourpaper and decide which one is the best?answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following talk.

With a fascinating past and more than four centuries of history, St. Augustine is one of the nation's oldest cities and?an American treasure. Located on Floridas Atlantic coast, it is home to many fine examples of European architecture and?wild scenic views. In 1513, while looking for the storied fountain of youth, an explorer found this land and called it La?Florida, and claimed it for Spain, then in 1565, a Spanish conquer established a settlement there and named it St.?Augustine, except fora twenty year period of English rule. Floridaremained under Spanish ruleuntil the United States?took control in 1821. In the years after its founding, the city of St. Augustinewas attacked by the French and English and?by native Americans, you are said to have shot flaming arrowsat the city's defensive building, setting it on fire. More?recently, nature has stricken the regionwith hurricanes, Matthew on 2016 and Irma in 2017. Still.St Augustine endures.

As the region recovers, visitors shouldn't overlook it. St. Augustinehas suffered muchin its long history. Hopefully,?visitors will come andperhapssupport theFloridas coast recovery, while discovering its centuries of history and miles?of coastal beauty.

Questions:

11. Which country first governed Florida in history?

12. Which of the following statements is true of Saint Augustine?

13. What is the passage mainly about?

P.S. La Florida--佛羅里達的西班牙語名詞

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following talk.

Transport for London has a lost property office which collects the items left behind aspeople flow through the city's?transport system each day. It is the biggest lost property office in Europe, beaten globally only by Tokyo's. Sixty five?staff sort through hundreds of thousands of lostand forgotten items each at the office, which is run by Paul Cowan.

Accordingto the latest data, Cowans team dealt with over three hundred thousand items in the first quarter of the year.?Asthe data reveals, very feware claimed. For example, of the nearly 13,000 keys handed into lost property last year, just?under 1,400 were returned to their owners, saysCowan. Overall, twenty percent of stock is claimed within three month.

After that time, stock becomes the propertyof transport forLondon. Andit's not necessarily theitems you'd expect. A?wander through the three basement floors that make up the lost property office gives us an idea of whatwevalue enough?to recover and what we're happy to let go. Cowan has discovered something interesting about the complexity of lost

shoes. He said, if you have oneshoe, youare more likely to go looking forthe other. If you lose twoshoes, well,it's?slightly out of sight, out of mind. He guesses many people regard loss as anopportunity to treat themselves to something?new.

Questions:

14. What isthe passage mainly about?

15. Which of the followingis true of the lost items?

16.According to Cowan, why don't somepeople get their lost shoes back?

Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.

W: I have a goodfeeling about this house.

M: If you like the outside, you're going to really love the inside.

W: What abeautiful home!And I likethe way thewindow screengives you privacy from the street.

M: Follow me into the kitchen. Youwill love it.

W: Wow! They put a wine storage area in the kitchen. I love it! The best part is the bedroom and attached bathroom. I

love the relaxing colorsof the wall and floor covering. I'd like to makean offer on this house.

M: As yourhouseagent, I'm here to take care of this process. How much were you planning on offering?

W: I really like the house and will pay the full asking price of 380,000 dollars.

M:Wed better leave ourselves some bargaining room.Let's offer 350,000 dollars.

W: That soundsgood. But I don't want this house to get away from me.

M: The market is fairly down right now. So the offer is a realistic one.

W: When will we know if theyll accept the offer?

M: The owners usually respond to an offer within a few days?

W: Should Ibe contacting mybank in the meantime?

M:You're already pre-qualifiedfor your loan. So you're in good shape.

Questions:

17. What isthe woman mostprobably doing?

18. What does the woman like best in the kitchen?

19. What does the woman think of the mans offer on the house at first?

20. Which of the followingis true according to the passage?

標題?語法:標題?S&As plan tofight theft

大致內容:就是一個商店推行一個叫?Justice?的系統抓商店扒竊(shoplifting),還有一些小偷竊就自己放課程讓小

毛賊學習學習。

10 ?道題考了謂語動詞?2 ?題,非謂語?3 ?題,從句?4 ?題,介詞?1 ?題。

謂語動詞:

①?Earlier this summer, .. employees ____ (hire)?【目測填:were hired

②?many efforts ____(raise) concerns【目測填:have raised

非謂語動詞:

①?____ (ease)?burden,…【目測填:Toease

②?the most frequently ____ (visit) stop【目測填:visited

③ …?be accused of overcharging or falsely ____ (send) so-called shoplifters to prison【目測填:sending

從句:

①?a thief ____ name is not in the police database【目測填:whose

②?... its unclear _____…?courses are as helpful as…【目測填:whether

③?There are signs ____?…【目測填:that

④?____ ____?extra employees, S&A still remain difficult to secure…【目測填:even if / even though

介詞:

educate the lawbreakers ____ involving the police【目測填:without

十一選十原文:

詞匯:標題?Some Very?American”?Words Come from Chinese

大致內容:介紹了從中文引入到英文的三個詞:kowtow(磕頭)、gung-ho(工合)、typhoon(臺風)。

?備選的?11 ?個詞分別是:

committed, compared, contact, delegation, destructive, humble

negotiate, respelled, similar, superiors, witnessed

完形填空:

大致內容:為什么現在青少年比以前要晚熟一些【我自己肯定做過】

關鍵人名:Quattro Musser?,JeanTwenge

完形及部分填詞

rather/adulthood/decreases/options/majorities/missing/interested in/surroundings/opposite

case/diseases/seriously/carefully/slower/educated/postponement/cause

When 17-year-old Quattro Musser hangs out with friends, they don't drink beer or cruise around in cars with their?dates. Rather, they stick toG-rated activities such as rock-climbing or talking about books.

They are in good company, according to a new study showing that teenagers are increasinglydelaying activities that?had long been seen as rites of passage into adulthood. Thestudy, published Tuesday in the journal Child Development,?found that the percentage of adolescents in the U.S. who have a driver's license, who havetried alcohol, whodate, and?who work for payhas plummeted since 1976,with the most precipitous decreases in the past decade.

The declines appeared across race, geographic, and socioeconomic lines, and in rural, urban, and suburban areas.?To be sure, more than half of teens still engage in these activities, but the majorities have slimmed considerably.

Between 1976 and 1979, 86 percent of high school seniors had gone on a date; between 2010 and 2015 only 63 percent?had, the study found.?"People say, 'Oh, it's because teenagers are more responsible, or more lazy, or more boring,' but they're missing the?larger trend," said Jean Twenge, lead author of the study, whichdrew on seven large time-lag surveys of Americans.?Rather, she said, kids may be less interested in activitiessuch as dating, driving or getting jobsbecausein today's society,?they no longer need to.

Accordingto an evolutionary psychology theory that a person's "life strategy" slows down or speeds up depending?on his or her surroundings, exposure to a "harsh and unpredictable" environment leads tofaster development, while a?more resource-rich and secure environment has the opposite effect,the study said. In the first scenario, "You'd have a lot?of kids and be in survival mode, start havingkidsyoung, expect your kids will have kids young, and expect that there?will be more diseases and fewer resources," said Twenge, a psychology professor at San Diego State University who is?the author of "iGen: Why Today's Super-Connected Kids Are Growing UpLess Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy -?and Completely Unprepared forAdulthood."

Acenturyago, when life expectancywas lower andcollege education less prevalent, "the goal back then was?survival, not violin lessons by 5," Twenge said.

Inthat model a teenage boy might be thinking more seriously about marriage, and driving acar and working for pay?would be important for "establishing mate value based on procurement of resources," the study said.?But America is shifting more toward the slower model, and the change is apparent across the socioeconomic?spectrum, Twenge said. "Even in families whose parents didn't have a college education...families are smaller, and the?idea thatchildren need to be carefully nurtured has reallysunk in."

The postponement of "adult activities" could not be attributed to more homework or extracurricular activities, the?study said, noting that teens today spend fewer hours on homework and the same amount of time on extracurriculars as?they did in the 1990s (with the exception of community service, which has risen slightly). Nor could the use of?smartphones and the Internet be entirely the cause, thereport said, since thedecline began before they were widely?available.

?閱讀?A

大致內容:Mataila?這個地方還在用?shell?當錢使用。

其中要猜一個詞是:mint(鑄幣廠),應該上下文蠻好猜滴!

題源:https://www.mnn.com/money/personal-finance/blogs/malaita-islands-shell-money

原文:On the island of Malaita, shells are money

每段大意:

1.?銀行是現代發明,不久前----物物交換

2.?過去---不同形式的貨幣:金銀、煙草、貝殼

3.?現在---M島嶼還在用貝殼作貨幣

4. Justlike a mint,?在此島嶼上只有一個地方做那種很值錢的貝殼貨幣

5.?島上人儲蓄貝殼貨幣與儲存美元也沒兩樣

由以下文章改編:

Apparently, the idea of money that's not tied to a specific bank?—?or a specific country?—?is appealing to many. But?it's worth remembering that the banking system that we now all live with is just that: A modern invention.Not so long?ago, money was almost always created and used locally, and bartering was common. (In fact, it still iscommon among?many online local networks, like the Buy NothingProject.).

Inthe past, money's makeup varied from place to place, depending on what was considered valuable there. So while?some of the world's first coins were made from a naturally occurring hybrid of gold and silver called electrum, objects?other than coins have served as currency, including beads, ivory, livestock, and cowrie shells. In West Africa, bracelets of?bronze or copper were used as cash, especially if the transaction was associated with the slave trade there. Throughout?the colonial period, tobacco was used in lieu of coins or paper bills in Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina, even?though it was used elsewhere in the colonies and extensively throughout Europe and the U.K.

Today, on an island in the Pacific, a specific type of shell still serves as currency?—?and some people there are even?hoarding it, just like Bitcoin moguls, convinced that one day, it will make them wealthy beyond imagination.

On Malaita, the most-populated island that's part of the Solomon Islands, shells areaccepted at most places in?exchange for goods.

"How much tunayou canget for your shells depends on their color and shape,"Mary Bruno, a shop owner from the?small town of Auki, on Malaita, told Vice. "One stripofdarker shellsmight get you about two cans of smaller tuna, but?the red ones are worth more. For the red ones, one strip might get enough tuna to feed a big family fora long time."

Just like a mint that creates coins, there's only one place on the island where the shells, whichare polished and?strung together to form3-foot-long ropes, are made. (You cansee how that works in the video above.) The strips of red,

white, and black shells all come from Langa Langa Lagoon, where artificialislands were long-agobuilt by locals to?escape from the island-dwelling cannibals. Once marooned out ontheir islands, locals needed a currency to use among?themselves, and so the shellcurrency was born.

Using shells for moneywas common throughoutthe Pacific islands as late as the early 1900s, but Malaita is unique?in that they are still used today. And just like cryptocurrencies, there are those who think the islanders are smart to invest?in this type of money, which is reported to have risen in value over the last three decades. It might seem strange to hoard?abunch of processed, strung-together shells, but what is a pile ofdollars? Just a specially printed piece of paper and?hemp that we've assigned value to?—?and probably less durable overtime thanthose shells.

?閱讀?B?:移一顆老樹

大致內容:?:某地區為了擴建醫院而要移動一些百年老樹,有一個?List?羅列了移動樹木的步驟,有一道題是有五張

圖片,讓你把移動的順序排列正確的選項選出來。本道題給了?inflation(充氣)的中文解釋,但是?deflation?沒有,

看來要掌握前綴?de-喲!本篇文章俺花的時間最長,主要是不敢注視太久。

How Do You Move a Giant Sequoia?

Boise, Idaho, recently relocated a century-old, living tree provided by John Muir

Inhabitants of Boise, Idaho, watched with trepidation earlier this year as the city's oldest, tallest resident moved two?blocks. The 105-year-old sequoia tree serves as a locallandmark, not only for itslongevity butalso because renowned?naturalist and Sierra Club co-founder John Muir provided the original seedling. So, when Saint Luke'sHealth System?found that the 10-story-tall conifer stood in the way of its planned hospital expansion, officials called tree-moving firm?Environmental Design.

The Texas-based company has developed and patented scooping and lifting technology to move massive trees.?Weighing in at more than 800,000 pounds, the Boise sequoia is its largest undertaking yet.?I [had] lost enough sleep?over this,”?says David Cox, the company's Western region vice presidentandthat was before the hospital mentioned?the tree's distinguished origin.?Before the heavy lifting began, the teamassessedthe root system and dug a five-foot-deep cylinder, measuring 40?feet in diameter,around the trunk to protect all essential roots. After encapsulating the root ball inwire mesh, the movers?allowed the treeto acclimateto its new situation for seven months before relocating it. The illustration details what?followed.

?閱讀?C?budget line

大致內容:我覺得很啰嗦地講了一下?budget line?是咋回事。有一個縱軸(vertical axis),橫軸(horizontal axis),其

實只要高中數學坐標沒白學的都知道在講啥。舉了一個?150?元買?movie tickets(單價?10元)和crime novels(單價?15?元)

The budget line is an elementary concept that most consumers understandintuitively without a need for graphs and?equations -- it's the household budget, for example.

Taken informally, thebudget line describes the boundary of affordability for a given budget and specific goods.

One of the interesting ways the study of economics relates to human behavior generally isthat a lot of economic?theory is the formalization of the kind of simple conceptoutlined above -- a consumer's informal understanding of the?amount she has to spend and what thatamount will buy.

In the process of formalization, the concept can be expressed as a mathematical equation that can be applied?generally.

To understand this, think of a graph where the vertical lines quantify how many movie tickets you can buy and?where thehorizontal lines do the same for crime novels. You like going to the movies and reading crime novels and you?have $150 to spend. In the example below, assume that each movie costs $10 and each crime novel costs $15. The more?formal economics term for these two items is budget set.

If movies cost $10 each, then the maximum number ofmovies you can see with the money available is 15. To note?this you make a dot at the number 15 (for totalmovie tickets) atthe extreme left-hand side of the chart. This same dot?appears at the extreme left above "0"on the horizontal axis becauseyou haveno money left for books -- the number of?books available in this example is .You can also graph the other extreme -- all crime novels and no movies. Since crime novels inthe examplecost $15?and you have $150 available, if you spend all the available money crime novels, you can buy 10. So you put a doton the?horizontal axis at the number 10.

You'll place the dot at the bottom of the verticalaxisbecause in this instance you have $0 available for movie?tickets.

If you now draw a line from the highest, leftmost dot to thelowest, rightmost dotyou'll have created a budget line.?Any combination of movies and crime novels that falls belowthe budget line is affordable. Any combination above it is?not.

六選四?

?標題?Magazine articles: morevaluable than you may think

超簡單。答案目測是?EFAD

summary?:標題?Becoming an attractive employee

要點就三個

1.?要具備?information technology skills

2.?要有?experience

3.?要有一個?great attitude towards a potential company(不是公司適應你,而是你適應公司,明白自己能給公司帶

來啥)

翻譯:

1.?她們中誰可能當過排球教練?(may)

Who may have been a volleyballcoach among them?

May any of them have worked as a volleyballcoach?

2.?我看見他換上徒步鞋,向草坪走去。(make for)

I saw him put on his hiking shoesand make for the lawn.

I saw him put on his hiking shoes, making for the lawn.

3.?媽媽將鬧鐘設為每六小時響一次,提醒自己該給寶寶量體溫了。(reminder)

Mom sets the alarm clock ringing every six hours as a reminder to take her baby's temperature.

Mom sets the alarm clock for (once) every six hours asa reminder to take her baby's temperature.

Mom sets up an alarm clock whichgoes off every six hours as a reminder to take her baby's temperature.

4.?在這個村落里,人們通常每餐只吃八分飽,但這種健康的飲食習慣最初是為了應對食物短缺的困境。(until)

People in the village often eat until they are 80% full/80percent full, but this healthy eating habit was developed todeal

with /address the poor/hard conditions/situation of food shortage in the first place.

In the village, people often eat until they are 80% full/80 percent full. However, this healthy eating habit wasformed to

deal with the dilemma offood shortage at first.

In the village, people often eat until they are 80% full, inwhich case, however, this healthy eating habit had been

intended to cope with food shortage at first.

作文:

假設你是明啟中學高三學生盧平,你校英語報向全體高三學生征文,題目為"My teachers",你有意投稿,

撰寫一篇文章,內容包括:

1.?對遇到過的老師進行分類

2.?具體描述每一類老師的特征

(坊間傳聞:網傳今天風格詭異的高考作文,?疑似為某男子職業技術學院英語老師?5?月份讀寫作業:

You arerequired to write an essay based on the following outline: How many types of university teachers will you group

theminto? Which type of university teachers do you like most?And Why? You should useexamples, personal

experiences or other details to support your view. Your essay should be about 250 words. Please hand in your A4 Typed

sheet this Thursday when we will meet. Use Times New Roman. Thanks......)


對于今年的英語試題?

你有什么想說的嗎?

歡迎大家在下方留言區分享你的想法


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